Jobs website for Bhutan
It also encourages women to apply. Locally, UNDP welcomes expertise in all areas that we work in and appreciate talented and dynamic people from all levels.
icimod ICIMOD Title: Photographer/Photo Editor The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is a regional intergovernmental
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G4S-Bhutan. G4S Security Services (Bhutan) Pvt Ltd is a Foreign Direct Investment Joint Venture Company formed between G4S and Mr. Palden Dorji
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The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, mountainous, landlocked country in South Asia, located in the eastern Himalayas, bordered by India and China. Bhutan is home to a population of about 740,000 spread over approximately 47,000 square kilometers, roughly the size of Switzerland, with about 70 percent of its land under forest cover. Much of the population lives in the central highlands, and almost two-thirds are classified as rural inhabitants. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with alpine peaks in the north and some sub-tropical foothills in the south. Per capita gross national income (GNI), one of the highest in South Asia, has consistently risen from $730 in 2000 to $2,070 in 2011.
Bhutan has seen significant political changes in recent years. In 2008, the country undertook a transition from an absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy and multi-party democracy, following a decade of planning and public consultations. After 34 years on the throne, the Fourth King, His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, stepped down on Dec. 9, 2006, in favor of his son, His Majesty Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. A constitution was prepared, following a process led by the chief justice, involving widespread public consultations within Bhutan and with the international community. The new democratic system comprises a National Council and a National Assembly, the latter based on political party affiliations. Elections for the National Council were held on Dec. 31, 2007, while elections for the National Assembly were held on March 24, 2008. The next elections are scheduled for the first half of 2013.
Bhutan’s economy has expanded at a robust pace driven by the hydropower sector. GDP growth is estimated at nearly 8% percent in 2011/12 (from 8.5% in 2010/11), and is projected to reach 12.5% in 2012/13 due to the acceleration in hydropower-related construction. Inflation has risen, reaching 13.5% in the second quarter of 2012, with both food and non-food components accelerating. Bhutan’s medium-term outlook is favorable, as growth should remain strong at around 8–9%, driven by hydropower, manufacturing, and domestic services. The current account deficit has widened to an estimated 23% of GDP in 2011/12, driven in part by strong imports related to the hydropower sector, but the overall balance of payments deficit was 5% of GDP due to sizable grants and loan disbursements. Strong growth in domestic demand has fueled the demand for Indian rupees (since about 80% of Bhutan’s imports are from India), contributing to a rupee shortage. Convertible currency reserves, however, are broadly adequate ($723 million in July 2012).
Overall, Bhutan’s development has been rapid. Until the 1950s, Bhutan was largely isolated from the rest of the world, and its dispersed rural population depended on subsistence agriculture. Once it started a gradual process of opening up to the outside world in the 1960s, the country embarked on a far-reaching development strategy that has been articulated in a series of five-year development plans. The Tenth Five-Year Plan (2008-2013) is currently under implementation, and constitutes the basis for the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. The plan’s overall objective is to reduce poverty from 23% in 2007 to 15% by 2012-13. The 11th Five-Year Plan is under preparation and expected to be implemented in July 2013, after the country’s second elected government is in place.
Bhutan is on track to achieve its Millennium Development Goals. However, while the poverty rate has fallen from 36% in 2000 to 23% in 2008, the MDG mid-term report notes worsening of conditions affecting those suffering from severe poverty. Household food security is linked to low food production and weak agricultural productivity, limited access to land and other productive assets, extensive crop destruction by wild life and pests, inadequate opportunities for rural employment, poor food utilization, and weak access to road and transport infrastructure. Bhutan’s mountainous terrain is a fundamental constraint to growth and rural poverty reduction. Poor road access isolates a large proportion of rural people from markets and social services, and limits their livelihood to subsistence agriculture. The government of Bhutan and development partners have responded to this constraint by constructing more than 1,500 kilometers of farm roads and tracks since 2003. The proportion of rural people within one hour walking distance of a road head increased from 40% in 2000 to 53% in 2008. The proportion of people residing within six hours walking distance from a road has increased from 84% to 90%.
Bhutan is characterized by good progress in human development, particularly in urban areas, and the increasing availability and use of public services throughout the country. However, this progress has been slower to reach more remote areas. Expansion of key infrastructure, including rural roads and urban municipal services, is needed for broader economic and social transformation in the country. Over the past decade, social indicators have improved. Life expectancy at birth has risen from 65 years in 2005 to 69 years in 2010. Infant mortality per 1,000 live births has been reduced from 59 in 2005 to 44 in 2011. Maternal mortality rates in 2010 were estimated at 180 deaths per 100,000 live births. Literacy and education enrollment rates have also risen with a net enrollment rate in primary schools of 89% in 2010. Unlike much of the rest of South Asia, primary school enrollment among girls is higher than boys in many urban areas, and nationwide almost half of primary school students are girls. Property rights are also much more equal than in most of South Asia, with women rather than men inheriting property in some areas. However, there is growing youth unemployment. As youth comprise almost 59% of the population, adequate job creation will depend on robust private sector development, combined with initiatives to increase skills and employability.