Dxpat.com

Guide website for Estonia

Guide

Estonia is a Baltic gem offering visitors the chance to see a tiny dynamic land on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Glorious beaches pepper the extensive coastline, although the swimming season is short. After all, the Baltics are not renowned for warm weather – something that any visitor to Estonia must be aware of — the summer is short and the winter is severe. Tallinn’s medieval old town was built by the German crusaders in the Late Middle Ages and is in magnificent condition, with the medieval city walls and towers almost completely intact and it rates as one of Europe’s best medieval old towns. Visitors can also experience an ex-Soviet occupied country that is now part of the European Union. Traces of the Soviet era are still there to be seen — e.g. Paldiski, a deserted Soviet army base that was once off-limits to Estonians themselves, can easily be visited on a day trip from the capital, Tallinn.

tourguides.viator.com/Tallinn-Guide

Arrange private tours with top rated, qualified Tallinn guides.

www.lonelyplanet.com/estonia

Jan 24, 2013 – Estonia tourism and travel information including facts, maps, history, culture, transport and weather in Estonia. Find popular places to visit in …

www.visitestonia.com › Home › Destinations

City Guides – Estonia. Find interesting places to go, entertaining things to do and a bunch of surprises in this Estonian city guide section.

www.inyourpocket.com/estonia/tallinn

Tallinn – Tallinn is one of the very few cities in the world where you’ll actually hear many locals curse and complain that the winter hasn’t been cold enough.

www.inyourpocket.com/estonia

Introduction to the country, including background information, practical advice for visitors, and guides to major cities.

Generalities

After 7 centuries of German, Danish, Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Annexed into the USSR in 1940, it re-gained independence in 1991 through its Singing Revolution [2], a non-violent revolution that overthrew an initially violent occupation. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia moved to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. It is now one of the more-prosperous former Communist states, enjoying a high-tech environment, an open and liberal economy and a transparent government system. On the other hand, it is faced with a fairly low (but growing) GDP per capita (in a European Union context), as well as a very low birth rate, which is creating a population decline. Between 1991-2007, the country saw rapid economic expansion, leading it to be among one of the wealthiest and the most developed of the former Soviet Republics. However, its economy was badly damaged during the ongoing global recession, although more recently, it has been recovering quickly. In 2011, the Euro was adopted as the official currency.

www.gascentre.unece.org/gcdb?idcountry=EE;res=0;act=dbv_lst

Estonia. Detailed Index. Highlights. 0. Highlights; 2. Energy Market; 3. Energy … GasCentre Database Estonia … 5.5, Generalities on transportation and supply …

www.psych.ut.ee/esta/essda.html

Estonian Social Science Data Archive. yellow.gif (83 bytes) Project team. yellow.gif (83 bytes) Research groups. yellow.gif (83 bytes) Generalities. yellow.gif (83 …

simanaitissays.com/2013/02/23/the-estonian-gambit/

Feb 23, 2013 – Generalities first, then the Estonian Gambit, and a bit of sleuthing. Cap-and-trade sets an upper limit on something deemed harmful, CO2, say, …

www.vm.ee › … › Speeches, Interviews, Articles › Interviews

CITY PAPERS interview with the architect of Estonia’s foreign policy at the turn …. Among them: be concrete, don’t speak in vague generalities, abandon the silly …

www.schneider-electric.com/…/iec-generalities-standards-rules.page

Electricity standards rules & regulation dedicated to Panelbuilders, including IEC generalities used for electric power installation by Schneider Electric.

Formalities

World War II and the subsequent occupation were devastating on humans, but the destruction and the closure of large areas for military use actually increased Estonia’s forest coverage from about 25% before the war to more than 50% by 1991. Wolves, bears, lynx, elks, deers as well as some rare bird and plant species are abundant in Estonia. The wild animals from Estonia are exported to some EU countries for forest repopulation programmes. Most animals can be hunted – according to yearly quotas.

www.vm.ee › … › Strategic Export Control › Export Control Legislation

Välisministeerium – Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs logo … 1) the procedure for performance of the customs formalities relating to strategic goods; …

www.emta.ee/25263

When performing customs formalities of postal consignments, the Estonian Tax and Customs Board adheres to the following legal acts: Community Customs …

europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/…/formalities/estonia/index_en.htm

Registration. Updated : 12/2012. Formalities and documents. Formalities and documents. EU rightsCommon rights across EU countries EU; Your rights in …

www.hs.fi/english/…formalities…and+Estonia/1135232762761

Dec 21, 2007 – Schengen treaty eliminates border formalities between Finland and Estonia. Passports still checked at airports …

www.iwct.ee/index.php?page=106

Formalities & Customs … Giving Flowers: Estonians give flowers at every occasion: birthdays, visits, mother’s day, weddings (yes- … “Know your neighbours” or “The Welcome Wagon” concept has made it to Estonia, or at least not to Tallinn.

Visas

Health Insurance. Letter on company letterhead from Health Insurance Company indicating the coverage plan for the applicant, specifically stating that the applicant will be covered while traveling internationally and indicating the validity of this coverage (with a minimum medical coverage of US$ 50,000).

www.icicilombard.com/Estonia

Single Visa can access any Schengen destination including Estonia!

estonia.visahq.in/

Estonia Visa, India: Application, Requirements, Estonian Visa Services by VisaHQ, India. Apply Online.

estonia.visahq.com/

Estonia Visa Services: Secure Online Application; Tourist, Business, Private Visas to Estonia. Comprehensive Information on Estonia Visa Requirements – Apply …

www.vm.ee/?q=en/node/53

General Info for foreign nationals. Tourist information · Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia? Applying for a visa to the Schengen area · Visa Application …

estonia.visahq.co.uk/

Estonia Visa, United Kingdom: Application, Requirements, Estonian Visa Services by VisaHQ Ltd, London, UK. Apply Online.

Work

No obstacles exist to citizens of EU countries to come to invest and work in Estonia. Citizens of developed non-EU countries are exempt from short-term tourist visas. Swedes and Finns have by far the largest working community of post-Soviet foreigners in Estonia. Estonia may have had rocketlike growth in recent years, but only from a very low base as a former Soviet republic, and average local monthly salary (4th quarter 2007) is around 800 EUR.

Education is highly valued in Estonia because as a small nation with no exceptional natural resources, they believe that the only way to be competitive is to absorb knowledge. There are so many highly educated people in Estonia that it is a problem in the labour market – there aren’t enough workers for jobs that requiring minimal education.

www.studyinestonia.ee › Living

Students from other countries who have a residence permit for study in Estonia can apply for a work permit at the Police and Border Guard Board. You need …

www.tootukassa.ee › For employers › Hiring

There is no requirement to apply for a residence permit or a work permit. Your employee should however register an Estonian address with the Population …

europa.eu/youth/working/index_ee_en.html

European Commission – The following links can help you to find your way in the Estonian labour market. Learn more about the opportunities for finding a job, …

www.immigration.govt.nz › Find a visa › Work › Working holiday

Feb 25, 2013 – Each year, 100 places are available under this scheme allowing young citizens of Estonia to stay in New Zealand for up to 12 months.

https://www.gov.uk/government/world/estonia

Working with Estonia to strengthen growth and prosperity within the EU. The UK and Estonia work together closely within the European Union to achieve growth …

Accommodation

Estonian food draws heavily from German and Scandinavian cuisine. The closest thing to a national dish is verivorst, black pudding, served with mulgikapsad, which is basically sauerkraut stew.

Many types of food are close to Russian and have their equivalents almost exclusively in the former USSR, such as sour cream hapukoor, smetana in Russian, a sour 20%-fat milk dressing for salads, especially “kartulisalat” or “potato salad”, which isn’t that rare anywhere else either, really.

www.visitestonia.com/en/holiday-accommodation

Official information on Estonian accommodation: Hotels, Spas, Hostels, Bed & Breakfast, Apartments, Motels, Camping & caravan sites & luxury Manor Houses.

www.tripadvisor.com.au/Hotels-g274952-Estonia-Hotels.html

Estonia Accommodation: Find 11589 traveler reviews and 49 candid photos for 226 Estonia Hotels on TripAdvisor.

www.casamundo.co.uk/estonia/

Estonia holiday homes with CASAMUNDO – book securely online and select from the best selection of affordable holiday accommodation with added customer …

www.tripadvisor.com/AllLocations-g274952-c1-Hotels-Estonia.html

Accommodations in Estonia: Browse TripAdvisor’s list of all hotels, B&Bs, resorts, inns, and other lodging within Estonia.

www.mapsofworld.com › Estonia Map

Estonia accommodation provides comfort to all the tourists who come to this historic country in the continent of Europe. There are a large number of hotels and …

Study

Estonia has a fair amount of foreign students studying in its universities, especially from Nordic countries, as Estonian diplomas are recognized throughout the EU. See the articles for university town Tartu and capital Tallinn for details.

www.studyinestonia.ee/

Universities and colleges, information about how to apply, application deadlines, grades, entry requirements, tuition fees, and more!

www.studyinestonia.ee › Study

Universities in Estonia with degree programmes in English. Estonian …

https://twitter.com/studyinestonia

The latest from Study in Estonia (@studyinestonia). Study in Europe and come to Estonia! More than 150 study programmes taught in English, innovative society …

archimedes.ee/en/study-in-estonia/

There are more than 100 degree programmes offered by Estonian institutions that are fully taught in English. Find the perfect course for you!

www.studyineurope.eu/study-in-estonia

Study in Estonia: universities and colleges, information about how to apply, application deadlines, grades, entry requirements, tuition fees, and more!

Health care

For an Estonian, it is considered “mauvais ton” not to criticize the Estonian healthcare system. Recent EU studies showed, however, that Estonia occupies a healthy 4th place in the block by the basic public health service indicators, on the same level as Sweden. In fact, around 1998-2000, the Estonian healthcare system was remodeled from the obsolete USSR model, directed to coping with disastrous consequences of large-scale war and made more up-to-date by the experts from Sweden. Estonia has harmonized its rules on travelers’ health insurance with EU requirements.

www.haigekassa.ee › … › Health care system in Estonia

The organisation of the current health care system emerged from the health care reform of the 1990s, whose aim was to develop a modern and efficient health …

www.ut.ee › Home › Prospective Students › Non-study Info

Family practitioners. All insured people have a family practitioner, who is the first contact point in case of illness. The family practitioner treats minor illnesses, can …

www.epsu.org › … › Eesti Vabariik

Health care system in Estonia has seen profound reform since early 1990s. Among the main objectives of the health care reform were reorganising the public …

www.nhs.uk/…/Healthcareabroad/…/Pages/healthcareinEstonia.aspx

Find information on how to access healthcare while in Estonia.

blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2012/06/…/estonia-health-system-reform/

Jun 18, 2012 – In the midst of the European financial and economic crisis, Estonia fundamentally reformed its health care system. Triin Habicht describes …

Bank

Estonian Banking Association (EBA) was founded on July 3, 1992 by 21 commercial banks. EBA is a full member of European Banking Federation (FBE) and European Payments Council (EPC).

EBA has currently 12 member banks who represent approximately 98% of Estonian banking sector’s assets (all together 16 commercial banks operating in Estonia).

The mission and the primary objective of EBA is to promote the development of banking activities, to improve the banking operations of our member banks and to institute good business practices and ethics.

www.eestipank.ee/en

The regulation on minimum requirements signed by the Governor of Eesti Pank requires the four largest banks operating in Estonia to draw up plans for …

www.unicreditbank.ee/en/

9 AM-5 PM AS UniCredit Bank Estonian Branch. Reg. Nr 11343140. Liivalaia 13, 10118 Tallinn, Estonia. Tel.: + 372 6688 300. Fax: + 372 6688 359. SWIFT/ BIC …

www.pangaliit.ee/en/welcome

Estonian Banking Association (EBA) was founded on July 3, 1992 by 21 commercial banks. EBA is a full member of European Banking Federation (FBE) and …

www.seb.ee/en

Internet Bank for private individuals · Mobile Bank · Telephone Bank … largest prize fund – this level of women’s tennis has never before been played in Estonia.

www.worldwide-tax.com/estonia/estinvestbanks.asp

The brief guide to banks in Estonia includes the major banks in Estonia, including local banks and international banks having branches in Estonia. Many Estonia …

Tax

Estonia natural person income tax is considered to be proportional, but, due to basic exemption, it is actually progressive. Standard rate for natural persons in year 2012 is 21% (down from 26% in 2004).[1] A basic exemption is granted, which is increased upon provision of maintenance to a child, in event of pensions, in event of compensation for accident at work or occupational disease. Additionally a number of expenses are deductible: housing loan interests, training expenses, gifts, donations, contributions to a voluntary/mandatory funded pension and unemployment insurance, social security payments mandatory in a foreign state. Amount of deductible housing loan interest, training expenses, gifts and donations is limited – in 2011 the limit was 3196 euros but no more than 50% of the taxpayer’s income during the same period of taxation.

www.estoniancompanyregistration.com/

0% Corporate income tax

www.emta.ee/?lang=en

Estonian Tax and Customs Board. The Board deals with ensuring the receipt of state budget revenue from state taxes and customs duties, protection of the …

www.worldwide-tax.com/estonia/indexestonia.asp

Basic data on Estonia’s income tax rates tax laws v.a.t. Estonia’s overview of economy main economic indicators GDP inflation rates unemployment. Tax treaties …

europa.eu/youreurope/business/…taxes/estonia/index_en.htm

EUROPA – Information from national authorities on legal requirements and administrative procedures related to the payment of taxes. Here you can also find …

www.calkoo.com/?lang=3&page=1

Wage and Tax Calculator – calculate taxes, grosswage and netwage. Wage and taxes in Estonia. Wage and taxes in Latvia.

Transports

The road system is quite extensive although road quality varies. The speed limit in the countryside is 90 km/h and 50 km/h in the cities unless specified otherwise. Passengers are expected to wear seat belts. Lights must always be switched on.

In the central areas of bigger cities, a fee is levied on parking cars, but finding a provider of tickets is sometimes difficult as mobile parking is widespread.

Estonia has lots of car rental companies and the level of English spoken by their representatives is generally very high. If you go to Level 0 of Tallinn international airport, there are several car rental agency counters.

Car rental in Estonia is very cheap compared to Western Europe. You can get a decent car shared between two people for approximately €10/person/day e.g. a 2004 Fiat Punto.

An excellent day trip is to drive from Tallinn to Tartu. It takes about 2.5 hours each direction.

www.visitestonia.com/en/travel-transportation

Official Tourist Information: All you need to know about travelling to and around Estonia to help you plan your next Estonian holiday.

www.virtualtourist.com › Travel Guides › Europe › Estonia

Estonia Transportation: 98 tips on getting to and getting around Estonia from real travelers and locals.

www.nationsencyclopedia.com › Europe › Estonia

Estonia’s railroad has a total of 968 km (602 mi) of track, all common carrier railway lines, not including industrial lines in2002. Tallinn, Haapsalu, Pärnu, Tartu, …

www.estonia.alloexpat.com/estonia…/transports_estonia.php

Estonia Expat Info Center Guide – Estonia General Information provides Expatriates with the Estonia Transport, Railways, Highways, Ports, Airports etc.

road-transport.europages.co.uk › All business sectors › Road Transport

Road Transport Estonia business directory: all about Road Transport by product, service or company in Estonia . Find contact information for a B2B company …

Driver’s licence

Driving in Estonia is similar to other countries in the European Union. The urban roads and major highways are in very good condition, but some of the secondary roads are not as good. It is important that you adhere to the posted speed limits and road signs. Some of the drivers are very aggressive and you need to be alert.

Traffic drives on the right. Estonia has a high density of roads although there are few major highways. Signs are not always illuminated and fairly small, so driving at night can be tricky if you do not know the route.

www.estonia.alloexpat.com/estonia…/driving_in_estonia.php

In Estonia, driving licence can be applied for in the Estonian Motor Vehicle Registration Centre (ARK). All necessary links are provided on ARK’s website: …

www.mnt.ee/index.php?id=12659

You are here: Estonian Road Administration Driving licences and examinations … 3) who has obtained the qualification of a driver of a power-driven vehicle.

https://www.eesti.ee/eng/right_to_drive/

In Estonia driving licence can be applied for in the Estonian Motor Vehicle Registration Centre (ARK). All necessary links are provided on ARK’s website.

estonia.usembassy.gov/driving_est.html

WHEN DOES AN AMERICAN NEED AN ESTONIAN DRIVER’S LICENSE? An American citizen may drive in Estonia for up to one year using both a valid U.S. …

www.meis.ee/kkk_eng

If a person who has settled in Estonia has a driver’s licence from another European Union (EU) Member State, it does not have to be replaced with the Estonian …

Removal

Estonia removed a Soviet war memorial from downtown Tallinn under cover of darkness early Friday, carrying out a plan that has rankled Russia and provoked protests that left one person dead and dozens injured.

www.washingtonpost.com

Apr 28, 2007 – MOSCOW, April 27 — The already tense relations between Russia and its tiny neighbor Estonia threatened to unravel Friday after authorities in …

www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2007/04/27/estonia-russia.html

Apr 27, 2007 – Estonia removed a Soviet war memorial from downtown Tallinn under cover of darkness early Friday, carrying out a plan that has rankled …

www.boston.com

Apr 28, 2007 – Riot police fired rubber bullets in a clash with hundreds of protesters in the capital yesterday as a second night of unrest broke out over the …

www.local-life.com

The fate of the monument had been a hotly contested issue between Estonia and Russia since legislation regarding its removal was introduced into the Estonian …

www.nbcnews.com/id/18356232/

Apr 27, 2007 – Riot police fired rubber bullets in a clash with hundreds of protesters in Estonia’s capital Friday, as a second night of unrest broke out over the …

Communications

The National Telecommunications act in the second period of Estonian independence granted a Monopoly on international and local fixed line telephony to Estonian Telecom (Eesti Telecom). In the process of privatization, a concession was granted to liberalize mobile, CATV and packet-switched telecommunications. This concession was critical for developing a competitive market. Three licensed mobile operators encouraged one of the highest rates of mobile telephony penetration. CATV licenses were granted at a local level, and while it was a more natural monopoly, pirate operators proliferated within populous cities in the 1990s.

www.visitestonia.com › Home › About Estonia › Travel Information

Information about postal services, phones and internet access (usually free, wireless and broadband) in Estonia.

www.expatfocus.com › Country Guides › Estonia

Telephone The country code for Estonia is +372. Calls to Estonia from outside should be made with +372 dialed first, followed by the subscriber’s number.

www.immigration-usa.com/…/estonia/estonia_communications.html

Estonia Communications 2012, CIA World Factbook.

www.mkm.ee/eng/

Welcome to the website of Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications! 18.03.2005 00:00. The objectives of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and …

www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/estonia/climatechange.pdf

ESTONIA`S FOURTH. NATIONAL. COMMUNICATION. Under the UN Framework Convention on Climate. Change. Estonia, November 2005. 2 …

Leisure

A variety of different activities can be enjoyed in Estonia. Amongst the most popular leisure activities are canoeing, hiking, sailing, and cycling. Some of the most popular sports are skiing, soccer, athletics, and fencing. Games like basketball and golf are played, but they are not amongst the most popular. Estonia has only one 18-hole golf course, located at Niitvälja, 33km south-west of Tallinn.

www.stat.ee

Dec 15, 2010 – People sleep on average 14 minutes longer, work 18 minutes less and dedicate 40 minutes more to spending leisure time per day than ten …

www.travelandleisure.com

Estonia Travel Guide featuring the best hotels, restaurants, sights, and activities in Estonia.

www.centralr.com/index.asp?IDT=3&ID=31&CATID=3

Leisure Hotels in Estonia. Relax, take it easy, enjoy yourself at your leisure. Our Estonia leisure hotels mean the difference between a great leisure hotel break in …

www.estonianholidays.com/en/?p=16

Tel +372 627 0500 | Fax +372 627 0501 | Vana-Viru 6, 10111 Tallinn ESTONIA | holidays@holidays.ee | www.estonianholidays.com.

travel.michelin.com

Estonia – cultural and useful Estonia information with the Michelin Green Guide. Estonia – Sport and leisure activities.

Miscellaneous

During the oral portion of the naturalization test a conversational knowledge of Estonian must be demonstrated, but examiners have a right to ask questions that go beyond just the language requirement. One Russian speaker told a Forced Migration Project researcher that when he took the test he was asked how to get from Tallinn to the coastal city of Parnu. Although he claimed that he answered the question in more or less grammatically correct Estonian, he was told that his answer was factually wrong. He did not pass the test, however there was no way to verify independently the reason for his failing grade.

www.flickr.com

Tallinn, Eesti (Estonia) – miscellaneous. Thumbnails Detail Map Comments · Slideshow. Share via email; Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share? …

www.usefoundation.org/view/202

During the oral portion of the naturalization test a conversational knowledge of Estonian must be demonstrated, but examiners have a right to ask questions that …

forum.virtualtourist.com/miscellaneous-3462124/Estonia.html

Aroudn 9 years ago i was in Estonia Although Estonia is cheap i spent the first couple of nights in Helsinki Finland before getting the ferry I really had not …

www.itdemokrati.nu/msestoniaeng/page13.html

MV Estonia Miscellaneous. … I think it might be good to have all the parts there and remember how they sat the day MV Estonia is brought up.

research.stlouisfed.org

4 economic data series with tags: estonia, miscellaneous. FRED: Download, graph, and track economic data.

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